| by Oliver |
6 Min Read

How to Invest in the S&P 500? All you need to know to invest in the index

The S&P 500, which stands for Standard and Poor’s, is a stock market index that monitors the 500 largest publicly traded U.S. companies. The companies in the index are added on the basis of their market capitalization. So the bigger the company, the more influence it has over the index.

A corporation must be a large-cap company with a market cap of at least $8.2 billion to be included in the Index.

The S&P 500 is one of the most followed market indexes in the world. When you hear people talking about the market going up or down, they’re probably referring to the S&P 500.

Understanding S&P 500 Index in Stock Market

Given the popularity of the S&P 500, it’s no surprise that S&P 500 index funds are among the most popular investments out there. These index funds are based on the S&P 500 which has returned around 10% annually over the past 90 years.

How to Buy an S&P 500 Index Fund?

Purchasing an S&P 500 fund is surprisingly simple. Here are the steps;

1. Find your S&P 500 ETF or Index Fund

First, you need to find an index fund or ETF that is based on the S&P 500.

All the index funds and ETFs that are based on the S&P 500 will have the same companies and same weightings.

That makes the selection process a lot easier.

Imagine, if you are told to decide between five McDonald’s restaurants that all serve the same food: Which one would you choose? You’d probably choose the cheapest eatery, and index funds are usually no different.

And here is something to consider while choosing an index fund:

Expense Ratio

You should look at a fund’s expense ratio to see if it is reasonably priced. This is the fee the fund manager will charge you for managing the fund throughout the year.

A fund, for example, might charge 0.30 percent. That implies for every $10,000 you put in the fund; you’ll pay $30 per year.

If you’re buying mutual funds, check to determine if the fund management charges a sales load, which is a fancy term for a sales commission. This is a fee you should avoid at all costs, as it can eat up your long-term returns.

The expense ratios of S&P 500 index funds are among the lowest on the market.

Even if you don’t choose the cheapest fund, index investing is already less expensive than practically any other type of investment. Many S&P 500 index funds have yearly fees of around 0.02%.

2. Create an account with a brokerage firm.

To invest in the S&P 500, you’ll need a brokerage account. This can be an IRA, a company-sponsored 401(k) or equivalent account, or your own traditional, taxable brokerage account.

E-Trade, Fidelity, Charles Schwab, and TD Ameritrade are some of the popular brokerages where you can open an account.

3. Calculate how much money you have available to invest.

You don’t need to be affluent to start investing, but you do need a strategy. And figuring out how much you can invest is the first step in that plan.

You should deposit money into the account regularly and expect to keep it there for as long as you can. The less money you have to invest, the more crucial it is to choose a broker with cheap costs.

4. Pick Your Favorite S&P 500 Fund

Once you’ve decided between ETFs and index funds, you can compare more precise details to determine which fund is best for you. To begin, consider any costs and fees. When you can receive roughly the same thing from numerous sources, you don’t want to overpay.

The following are the fees for some of the most prominent index funds:

  • – With a $100 minimum, Schwab charges 0.02 percent for the Schwab S&P 500 Index Fund (SWPPX).
  • – Fidelity’s Spartan S&P 500 Index Investor Class shares (FXAIX) have a low fee of just 0.015 percent and no minimum investment.
  • – The Vanguard 500 Index Fund (VFINX) has a $3,000 minimum investment and a 0.14 percent fee.
  • – The SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (SPY) has an expense ratio of 0.09% and no minimum investment.
  • – Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO) has an expense ratio of 0.03%, and you need to purchase at least one share of the fund. Currently, the fund trades at $421 a share
  • – Vanguard S&P 500 UCITS ETF (VUSA.L) is an S&P 500 ETF that is available for investors in Europe. The fund has an expense ratio of 0.07% and a minimum investment of $500.

5. You’re the proud owner of an index fund!

That’s all there is to it. The procedure of opening and funding a brokerage account is straightforward. You can invest in an S&P 500 index fund in just a few clicks after the funds have cleared.

It’s a wonderful first investment and a fun way to get your feet wet in the stock market.

Benefits of Investing in S&P 500

S&P 500 index funds have grown extremely popular among investors for many reasons.

Invest in a lot of stocks:

Even you own one share of the index fund, your investment would be spread across the 500 companies in the index.


Since you’re investing in a diverse group of companies, you’re reducing your risk. When you own a lot of companies, a bad performance by one of them won’t affect you as much.

Low Price:

Since index funds are passively managed rather than actively managed, they have low expense ratios. As a result, more of your hard-earned money is invested rather than paid as fees to fund managers.

Exceptional Results:

Your returns will match the performance of the S&P 500, which has traditionally averaged around 10% annually over the past 90 years.

Simple to Purchase:

Investing in index funds is easy as it takes less time and requires no investing knowledge.

These are the main reasons why so many investors have flocked to the S& P 500.

Which companies are in the S&P 500 index?

The S&P 500 index consists of 505 stocks from 500 distinct companies. The difference in the numbers is because a few S&P 500 companies issue various classes of shares. The index, for example, includes Alphabet Class C (NASDAQ: GOOG) and Alphabet Class A (NASDAQ: GOOGL) shares.

Listing all of the S&P 500 companies would be impractical. However, because the S&P 500 is weighted by market capitalization, its performance is mostly determined by the performance of the largest companies.

With that in mind, here’s a look at the S&P 500’s top ten firms as of March 2021. This list and its order may, and most likely will change in the future.

·       Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT)

·       Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL)

·       Alphabet Class A (NASDAQ: GOOGL)

·       Alphabet Class C (NASDAQ: GOOG)

·       Berkshire Hathaway Class B (NYSE: BRK.B)

·       Tesla (NASDAQ: TSLA)

·       Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN)

·       Facebook (NASDAQ: FB)

·       JPMorgan Chase (NYSE: JPM)

·       Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ)

Why should you invest in the S&P 500?

Warren Buffett, the legendary stock market investor, famously stated that a low-cost S&P 500 index fund is the best investment most people can make.

It’s easy to understand why.

The S&P 500 has provided annualized total returns of 9% to 10% over the past 90 years.

Investing in the S&P 500 allows you to gain broad exposure to the profitability of the largest companies without being overly exposed to a particular company’s performance.

With little work on your part, the S&P 500 can provide excellent returns for your portfolio over time.


Investing in an S&P 500 index fund might be a smart move for your portfolio.

Even if you only have a basic knowledge of how to invest, finding a low-cost fund is rather simple. Then, you’ll be able to enjoy the S&P 500’s consistent performance throughout time.

Key Takeaways

– The S&P 500 Index is a broad-based index of significant companies traded on US stock exchanges.

– With minimum due diligence, an S&P 500 Index fund can help your portfolio obtain wide exposure to certain types of stocks.

– Funds that mirror the S&P 500 index are often fairly low-cost, with a variety of selections to pick from.

– Over lengthy periods, the index often outperforms actively managed portfolios

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